Contemporary capitalism has been undergoing significant changes since the Great Financial Crisis. While it showed the limits of hyperglobalization, it started a series of significant changes in the world scenario that are still in full course.

Contrary to optimistic expectations, even after the crisis, finance-led capitalism remains at full pace, challenging the construction of an international financial order more favorable to the countries of the Global South. On the other hand, technological changes have speeded up, in the midst of a fiercer dispute between the United States, China and other advanced countries. Race for the monopolization of knowledge and for intangible assets, domain of digital platforms are aspects of this dispute. From the social perspective, the increase in inequalities and the impacts on employment are also evident, fostering economic and political nationalism. Added to the effects of Covid-19 and the War in Ukraine, the context favorable to the organization of production and trade flows along global value chains seems to be exhausted. Finally, the issue of environmental sustainability has become part of the agenda of public and private agents, due to the increasingly present threat to the survival of the humankind, but also because it opens up new spaces for the accumulation of economic and political power.

It is, therefore, an extremely challenging scenario, especially for peripheral countries. How do these transformations affect the countries of the global south? What spaces exist in this changing world to adopt policies that mean greater capacity to develop sustainable development strategies from an economic, social and environmental point of view? What are the perspectives for facing historical challenges of these countries and at the same time facing these new challenges?

In its fourth edition, the Unicamp International School on Development Challenges will bring together renowned academics and students from around the world to debate these issues.


Anselmo Luis dos Santos, UNICAMP
Camila Gramkow, CEPAL
Carlos Aguiar de Medeiros, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Cecilia Rikap, CITYPERC, International Politics Department, City University of London
Clovis Freire, UNCTAD
Gary Dymski, University of Leeds
Julio César Neffa, FLACSO
Louis-Philippe Rochon, Lauretian University
Mariano Laplane, University of Campinas
Monika Meireles, UNAM